Writing an abstract for a research paper apa

citations in abstract apa

In fact, if your text runs into the lower half of the page, this may indicate that your Abstract is going above the word limit.

Things to Consider When Writing an Abstract The format of your abstract also depends on the type of paper you are writing. Like the rest of the paper, the pages of the abstract should be double-spaced and typed in Times New Roman, 12 pt.

apa manuscript format

Again, this is essentially a quick peek at what readers will find when they read your results section. For example, you might identify if you used a within-subjects, between-subjects, or mixed design.

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Use your own words to compose the abstract; do not include any citations, quotes, or outside sources on this page. Explain the criteria that were used to select the studies included in the paper. Realistically, there may be many different studies devoted to your topic.

How to write an abstract for a research paper

Older adults? All content on this webpage is protected by United States copyright laws and may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, displayed, published or broadcast elsewhere without written permission from me. In these cases as well, the abstract should include all of the major elements of your paper, including an introduction, hypothesis, methods, results, and discussion. It is often written after the rest of your paper has been completed. In many cases, you might begin by stating the question you sought out to investigate and your hypothesis. The word Abstract is always singular, never plural so never add an "s" to it. The sixth-edition APA manual suggests that an abstract be between and words. Do not explain odd terminology--you can do this later in the main body of your paper. See also:. For an abstract of a meta-analysis or literature review: Describe the problem of interest. Ask a friend to read over the abstract.
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How to Write an Abstract In APA Format