History and recollection of the largest concentration camp in nazi germany auschwitz
Bach-Zelewski had been searching for a site to hold prisoners in the Silesia region, as the local prisons were filled to capacity. From to April , the National Socialists deported about , people from all over Europe here and murdered 64, of them. Prisoners were also made to work in forestry and farming. It was also a centre for immediate extermination. Each item can have its own enormous meaning and should find its place in the collection of the Auschwitz Memorial. The windows were bricked up and its four rooms converted into two insulated rooms, the doors of which said "Zur Desinfektion" "to disinfection". According to various estimates, between 1. A new "Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism" opened on April 30, , 70 years after the liberation from the Nazi regime, uncovering further dark chapters of history. The Auschwitz Birkenau camp complex comprises brick and wooden structures 57 in Auschwitz and 98 in Birkenau and about ruins. In addition to the mass murder of well over a million Jewish men, women and children, and tens of thousands of Polish victims, Auschwitz also served as a camp for the racial murder of thousands of Roma and Sinti and prisoners of several European nationalities. Across Germany some 70, were killed as part of the Nazi euthanasia program. The inmates were usually assigned soon to nearby labor camps, Arbeitskommandos , i. For better management and protection of the attributes of the Outstanding Universal Value of the property, especially for the proper protection of its setting, a relevant management plan must be put into force. The location also allowed the Nazis to quickly remove the German Jews from within Germany proper. Prisoners were officially selected based on their medical condition; namely, those permanently unfit for labor due to illness.
These doctors experimented with the sterilisation of Jewish women, for example, and also performed experiments on children, especially twins. They managed to cross into Slovakia and to tell Jewish leaders - and through them the world - about the terrible reality of Auschwitz, about which they wrote an extensive report.
Sick prisoners and those selected for death from the whole Auschwitz complex — and, to a smaller extent, from other camps — were also gathered and systematically killed here.
Unofficially, racial and eugenic criteria were used: Jews, the handicapped, and those with criminal or antisocial records were selected. The newspapers continuously reported on "the removal of the enemies of the Reich to concentration camps" making the general population more aware of their presence.
Currently, there are memorials to the victims of both Nazi and communist camps at Potulice; they have helped to enable a German-Polish discussion on historical perceptions of World War II. They were considered members of the camp elite, and had better food and lodgings than the other prisoners.
He later changed this to per barracks, which meant the camp could hold , rather than 97, On the 27th of Januarythe Red Army entered the camp link in Czech.
In addition, a small number of Western Allied aviators were sent to concentration camps as punishment for spying. The prisoners were confined in the boxcars for days or even weeks, with little or no food or water.
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