Once you have a working thesis, you should think about what might be said against it.
This will help you to refine your thesis, and it will also make you think of the arguments that you'll need to refute later on in your essay. Follow the bibliographical and footnote formats of your department or of a prominent periodical published by a professional society in your field.
Second, since the thesis supervisor and the other members of the advisory committee will normally have reviewed the thesis extensively before recommending the student proceed to the defense, such an outcome would be regarded as a major failure not only on the part of the candidate but also by the candidate's supervisor who should have recognized the substandard quality of the dissertation long before the defense was allowed to take place.
If readers strongly disagree with you right off the bat, they may stop reading. In pre Bologna programmes students were able to skip the preparation and presentation of a Master's thesis and continue straightforward towards doctorate.
Pakistan[ edit ] In Pakistan, at undergraduate level the thesis is usually called final year project, as it is completed in the senior year of the degree, the name project usually implies that the work carried out is less extensive than a thesis and bears lesser credit hours too.
The required submission for the doctorate is called doktorska disertacija doctoral dissertation. The examination board typically involves 5 to 6 scholars including the advisor or other experts with a PhD degree generally at least half of them must be external to the university where the candidate defends the thesis, but it may depend on the University.
Relevant discussion may be found on Talk:Thesis. A typical viva lasts for approximately 3 hours, though there is no formal time limit. It includes these elements: Title page.